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Communicable Diseases

Public Health's Communicable Disease Program monitors the reporting and investigation of communicable diseases, as well as offering tracking and treating to exposed individuals. We also provide tuberculosis testing and medication.

Oregon Administrative Rule for Reporting Communicable Diseases

What to report and when:

Reportable diseases, infections, microorganisms, and conditions, and the time- frames within which they must be reported are as follows:

IMMEDIATELY, DAY OR NIGHT:

  • Bacillus anthracis (anthrax);
  • Clostridium botulinum (botulism);
  • Corynebacterium diphtheriae (diphtheria);
  • Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) and infection by SARS-coronavirus;
  • Yersinia pestis (plague);
  • Intoxication caused by marine microorganisms or their byproducts (for example, paralytic shellfish poisoning, domoic acid intoxication, ciguatera, scombroid);
  • Any known or suspected common-source outbreaks; any uncommon illness of potential public health significance.

WITHIN 24 HOURS (INCLUDING WEEKENDS & HOLIDAYS):

  • Haemophilus influenzae (any invasive disease for laboratories, any isolation or identification from a normally sterile site);
  • Measles (rubeola);
  • Neisseria meningitidis (any invasive disease);
  • For laboratories, any isolation or identification from a normally sterile site;
  • Pesticide poisoning;
  • Poliomyelitis;
  • Rabies (human or animal);
  • Rubella and
  • Vibrio (all species).

WITHIN ONE LOCAL PUBLIC HEALTH WORKING DAY:

  • Bordetella pertussis (pertussis);
  • Borrelia (relapsing fever, Lyme disease);
  • Brucella (brucellosis);
  • Campylobacter (campylobacteriosis);
  • Chlamydophila (Chlamydia) psittaci (psittacosis);
  • Chlamydia trachomatis (chlamydiosis; lymphogranuloma venereum);
  • Clostridium tetani (tetanus);
  • Coxiella burnetii (Q fever);
  • Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease and other transmissible spongiform encephalopathies;
  • Cryptosporidium (cryptosporidiosis);
  • Cyclospora cayetanensis (cyclosporosis);
  • Escherichia coli (Shiga-toxigenic, including E. coli O157 and other serogroups);
  • Francisella tularensis (tularemia);
  • Giardia (giardiasis);
  • Haemophilus ducreyi (chancroid);
  • Hantavirus;
  • Hepatitis A;
  • Hepatitis B (acute or chronic infection);
  • Hepatitis C;
  • Hepatitis D (delta);
  • HIV infection (does not apply to anonymous testing) and AIDS;
  • Legionella (legionellosis);
  • Leptospira (leptospirosis);
  • Listeria monocytogenes (listeriosis);
  • Mumps;
  • Mycobacterium tuberculosis and M. bovis (tuberculosis);
  • Neisseria gonorrhoeae (gonococcal infections);
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease (acute, non-gonococcal);
  • Plasmodium (malaria);
  • Rickettsia (all species, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, typhus, others);
  • Salmonella (salmonellosis, including typhoid);
  • Shigella (shigellosis);
  • Taenia solium (including cysticercosis and undifferentiated Taenia infections);
  • Treponema pallidum (syphilis);
  • Trichinella (trichinosis);
  • Yersinia (other than pestis);
  • Any infection that is typically arthropod vector-borne (for example: Western equine encephalitis, Eastern equine encephalitis, St. Louis encephalitis, dengue, West Nile fever, yellow fever, California encephalitis, ehrlichiosis, babesiosis, Kyasanur Forest disease, Colorado tick fever, etc.);
  • Human bites by any other mammal and
  • Hemolytic uremic syndrome.

WITHIN SEVEN DAYS:

  • Suspected lead poisoning (for laboratories; this includes all blood lead tests performed on persons with suspected lead poisoning).

Disease reporting: During business hours,  Public Health, 503-397-4651; after hours and weekends, 503-396-2072.

Oregon Administrative Rule for Reporting Communicable Diseases

Public Health Reporting for Laboratories

Licensed laboratories shall report:  

  • all test results indicative of and specific for the diseases, infections, microorganisms, and conditions specified above. Such tests include but are not limited to: microbiological culture, isolation, or identification; assays for specific antibodies; and identification of specific antigens, toxins, or nucleic acid sequences.
  • within seven days, the results of all tests of CD4+ T-lymphocyte absolute counts and the percent of total lymphocytes that are CD4 positive, and HIV nucleic acid (viral load) tests.

Laboratories identifying possible agents of bioterrorism should contact Public Health and refer the isolates to the Oregon State Public Health Laboratory immediately, day or night.